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SSL Certificate: Ins and Outs Of End To End Protection

Why do you need a SSL certificate for your site?

Principles Of Good Website Design

If you are a proud owner of an online site, chances are that you would have already heard of SSL certificates. After all, SSL certificates are something we often hear interconnected with better search engine rankings and improved security. But do you know what an SSL certificate actually is? Or how it works?

As a , we decided to put together a list of intuitive facts that should help you understand all about SSL certificates. Let us delve a bit deep and take a look.

What is an SSL certificate?

The Secure Socket Layer, popularly known by its acronym SSL, is a protective covering that provides security for the data that transmits between your browser and the webserver. Therefore, an SSL certified website would provide additional security for your web services and transactions, while also telling the search engines that your site is a in the digital sphere.

How Can You Identify An Ssl Certified Website?

The URL of an SSL secured website would contain the term “https” and would also display a padlock to the left of the URL on the browser.

Identify SSL Certificate Website

As of now, there are different types of SSL certificates such as:

  • EV SSL - Extended Validation Certificate
  • DV SSL - Domain Validation Certificate
  • OV SSL - Organization Validation Certificate
  • Multiple domain SSL Certificate
  • Wildcard SSL Certificate

1. Extended Validation Certificates (EV SSL)

EV SSL certificates are the most expensive and are issued only after thorough investigation. The proof of verification of your domain’s ownership, your entity’s verified physical address, and proof of the legal standing of your entity needs to be provided when obtaining an EV SSL certificate.

On a Firefox browser, an EV SSL certified website would display its entity name and operating country.

EV SSL Certificate

On a Chrome browser, the certificate is represented by a padlock, but upon clicking the padlock you would be able to see more details about the certificate.

EV SSL Certificate Information

2. Organization Validation Certificates (OV SSL)

OV SSL certificates are commonly used to verify the identity of websites. As the certification process is much lighter in comparison to the EV SSL certificates, OV SSL certificates are cheaper in price.

On Firefox browsers, this type of certificate is displayed with a padlock, the organization name, and country of operation.

OV SSL Certificate

3. Domain Validation Certificate (DV SSL)

A DV SSL certificate is a means of verifying your ownership of the website and offers lesser security when compared to the other two certificates. Hence, this type of certificate is only encouraged if your website does not handle extremely sensitive data.

Due to the above facts, obtaining a DV SSL certificate is a simpler process and is a lot less expensive. On a browser, this certification is represented by the padlock and the “https” term.

DV SSL Certificate

4. Wildcard SSL Certificate

A wildcard SSL certificate becomes important if you need to obtain a base domain and the subdomains along with it.

For instance, is a base domain, while domains such as www.marketing.intrangoweb.ca and www.sales.intrangoweb.ca are considered subdomains.

5. Multiple domain SSL Certificate

Although multiple domain SSL certificates are not exclusive, they let you acquire around 100 base domains.

How Do SSL Certificates Provide Increased Security?

Let us explore the workings of an SSL certificate through a real-life scenario.

  • John is looking for the official website of Intrango web design -
  • Then John’s browser requests the server for the secured pages of
  • The server responds by sending back the public key, which is a unique ID for websites and servers, along with the site’s SSL certificate.

Why SSL Certificate
  • Then the browser verifies the SSL certificate by comparing the received public key along with that in its database.
  • The server responds by sending back the public key, which is a unique ID for websites and servers, along with the site’s SSL certificate.
  • Then the browser verifies the SSL certificate by comparing the received public key along with that in its database.
  • If the verification is successful, the icon of the padlock is displayed next to the URL of the website on John’s browser. This padlock is proof that the URL is verified for the particular site being accessed.
  • Then the browser goes the extra mile generates two similar private keys from which it sends one back to the server in an encrypted (using the pre-received public key) data packet.
  • Then the site’s server decrypts this data packet using its private key and forms a secured connection with the browser using the decrypted private key. There onwards, this secured connection is used for any communication between John’s browser and Intrango Web Design’s server.

Why Should You Invest In An SSL Certificate?

1. Improved Search Engine Ranking

Research conducted using nearly 11.8 million results on the Google Search Engine has indicated that nearly all the have obtained an SSL certificate. Hence, analysts have deduced a positive correlation between search engine results page rankings and SSL certificates.

2. Improved User Confidence

With the increasing cybercrime rates, we are all hesitant to provide details such as bank information to websites. However, having an SSL verification can instill a greater level of confidence and trust in your user’s mind, thus, they would not hesitate to use your website and disclose information.

3. Financial Coverage For Dishonest Transactions

In case of a fraudulent transaction on a website, the ruling is generally favoured for the original owner. But, an SSL certificate provides you with a financial coverage in such situations as you do not have to pay back the original owners from your own financial assets. Instead, the certificate provider would do it for you.

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